Future or Funeral?                                                                                                              

The Dual System at a Crossroads   —   Defining Legislative Standards for the Survivability of Public Service Media

– a civic research and advocacy project                     

 International Experts Hearing 
Warsaw, Polish Parliament
January 23rd, 2010




Krzysztof Adam Bobiński

CEO of the foundation Union & Poland

Polish journalist, analyst, NGOs worker. He was born in United Kingdom, where he graduated from the University of Oxford. He also studied in London. He was the Warsaw correspondent of Financial Times (1976-2000) and also worked for Washington Post and BBC. In 1989 he was among journalists reporting the Polish Round Table Negotiations.

Afterwards, he became the co-worker at Polski Instytut Spraw Międzynarodowych (Polish Institute for Foreign Affairs). He published for several years the magazine Unia & Polska (Union & Poland). He was actively engaged in the negotiations regarding accession of Poland to the European Union, as well as in the EU referendum campaign in 2003.

Currently he is CEO of the foundation "Union & Poland" and secretary of Warsaw chapter of Stowarzyszenie Dziennikarzy Polskich (Polish Journalists’ Association). In 2009 European Parliament elections his wife, Lena Kolarska-Bobinska was elected EMP from Lublin region from the list of the ruling Civic Platform (PO) party.


Jacek Bochenek

Partner at Deloitte in Poland

In the 1990' he worked for Polish Television’s Main News Program "Wiadomości". Afterwards, he became TVP's first foreign correspondent in Brussels.  He was member of the committee preparing electronic media report for Jan Maria Rokita from PO (Civic Platform) before parliamentary elections 2005.

Currently, he is a head of Euro 2012 project at Deloitte.




Boyko Boev

Legal Officer, ARTICLE 19

Boyko Boev became a human rights activist as a law student at Sofia University. Since his admission to the Sofia Bar in 2001, he has represented on behalf of the Bulgarian Helsinki Committee, victims of human rights violations before Bulgarian courts and the European Court of Human Rights and has worked as an independent consultant on various human right projects. Before joining ARTICLE 19 in January 2008, Boyko worked as a Human Rights Officer at the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights in Warsaw. Boyko's work as legal officer aims at promotion and implementation of international freedom of expression standards. He analyzes domestic media legislation, conducts training programmes and assists lawyers in litigating freedom of expression and freedom of information cases.


Juliusz Braun

Director of Strategy and Analysis Department of Ministry of Culture and National Heritage

He graduated from Geology Department of University of Warsaw in 1971. Until 1981, he had worked as a journalist for the local daily "Echo Dnia" in Kielce. In 1980, he joined Solidarność and was interned after December 13th 1981, when martial law was proclaimed. Between 1983-1990 journalist of Catholic weekly Niedziela, then editor in chief of Gazeta Kielecka. 1989-1999 he was MP from Kielce, representing Civic Committee (Solidarność), then Democratic Union. In 1999 until 2005, he had been a member and the head of Krajowa Rada Radiofonii i Telewizji (National Council of Radio and TV).

Since 2008, he has been director of Strategy and Analysis Department of Ministry of Culture and National Heritage.


Nuno von Amann de Campos

President of Associaçăo Portuguesa de Consumidores dos Media (ACMedia)

Nuno von Amann de Campos, born in 1937, studied Mechanical Engineering at the I.S.T. in Portugal and Organization and Management in the United States, where he got the degree of Master of Business Administration and Doctorate in Productivity. Along his professional carrier also studied International Marketing, Human Resources and Communication, in North America, United Kingdom, Nederland, Sweden, Germany, Austria, Belgium and Japan. For more than thirty years led several organizations like Firestone in Africa, Minolta and Sanyo in Portugal and CEO of Marken Consulting Group, Ibero America Management Group, International Marketing Consultants and also Member of the Advisory Board of Britannia UK and Duferco Brazil. For almost twenty years belonged to the scientific staff of the Business School AESE as professor of Marketing International.

Married in 1961, has three daughters, two grandsons and five granddaughters. Last twelve years has been mainly devoted to public service in defence of the legitimate rights of the civil society through the following responsibilities carried until the present date: President of ACMedia - Association of Portuguese Media Consumers; Co-founder of The European Alliance of Listeners & Viewers Associations – EURALVA; former President of FIATYR - Iberian Federation of Media Consumers Associations, now Vice – President of ICMEDIA; Vice – President of CNAF, The National Confederation of Family Associations; Member of the Advisory Board of the National Family Council; Member of the National Consumer’s Defence Council; Member of the National Education Council; Member of the Advisory Board of the Institute of Media; of the National Regulator for Media – ERC; and of the Group Responsible for the transition process from TV analogical to digital system at ICP-ANACOM.


Claudio Cappon

Vice-President of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU)

Vice President of the Executive Committee EBU. Board Member of Auditel and Rai Cinema. Professor of “Strategia e Gestione d’Impresa” (“Corporate Strategy and Management”) at the LUISS University of Roma. Professor in the Master Course on “Economia di Gestione delle Imprese di Media” (“Efficient Operation of Media Companies”) at the University of Rome – Tor Vergata. Member of AIAF (Associazione Italiana Analisti Finanziari).

In 1974 he got degree in Business and Economics with a doctoral dissertation with top marks of 110/110 cum laude from the University of Rome. Since 1978, he has been member of the Board of Directors of various companies, also quoted on the Stock Exchange. Between 1988 and 1991 he was General Director at ITALSTAT, being in charge of the Group’s strategic planning, management control and economic performance. In 1996, as Managing Director at FINTECNA, he managed the privatization process of the Real-Estate Sector (Portello Milano) and of the Construction Sector of the IRI Group. As Director General he managed the privatization process of the Italimpianti Group (purchased by Mannesmann Demag/Techint/Fiatimpresit). In 2002 Managing Director and CEO at CONSAP. In 2001 General Director of RAI. In 2006 General Director of RAI, company with 13,000 employees.



Chris Dawes

OBE, Media Directorate, Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS)

As Head of Content and International Policy in Media Directorate, Chris is leading the Department’s work on media standards in a converging Digital Britain and driving Digital Participation, two of the key workstreams in the Digital Britain project (White Paper published June 2009).

Previously Chris has overseen the UK negotiations on the Audio-Visual Media Services Directive and the DCMS input to the joint DCMS/Business Department’s Communications Act 2003.

In a typically wide-ranging career in the UK Civil Service, Chris has also been responsible for the UK Heritage bodies, acted as Secretary to the Bailey Inquiry into Fire Protection in the Royal Palaces after the 1992 Windsor Castle fire, temporarily headed the Millennium Unit preparing for the 2000 celebrations, oversaw the privatisation of the BBC transmission network and 1996 Charter and Agreement and co-ordinated the multi-agency arrangements for the funeral procession of Diana, Princess of Wales.



Piotr Dmochowski - Lipski

Director General of Ministry of Culture and National Heritage

He graduated from John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University in the United States, holding the Master in Public Administration Diploma, as well as from the Graduate School of Management at Boston University (MBA Diploma). In the seventies, he studied Polish philology at the University of Warsaw and at the University of Lodz. For almost 30 years, he has been professionally involved with electronic media and publishing sector. In the years 1981 – 1986, he worked for the Polish Section of Radio Free Europe in New York. His managerial career began in 1988, when he started to work as a consultant for Coopers & Lybrand in Boston.

In 1990 – 1992, as vice-president of Hartford based Chase International Corporation and vice-president responsible for financial matters of Polska Telewiza Kablowa SA in Warsaw, he was among the founders of the biggest cable TV network in Poland (presently UPC Poland). He was a member of supervisory board of OBOP (Public Opinion Research Center) , as well as the president of the supervisory board of Wydawnictwo Naukowe (Polish Scientific Publishers) PWN SA. Between May 2006 and February 2008 he was Chief Financial Officer of Telewizja Polska SA. Currently he represents the Treasury in the supervisory board of the PWM Edition (Polskie Wydawnictwo Muzyczne SA) and Bank Gospodarki Żywnościowej SA.


Karol Jakubowicz,

Information for All Programme, UNESCO

Karol Jakubowicz is an international expert in broadcasting. He is a member of the Independent Media Commission in Kosovo and of the Intergovernmental Council of the UNESCO ‘’Information for All’’ Programme and heads Working Group 2 of the COST A30 ACTION “East of West: Setting a New Central and Eastern European Media Research Agenda” of the European Science Foundation.

He holds a Ph.D. degree in Sociology of Mass Communications, University of Warsaw, Poland. He has worked as a journalist and executive in the Polish press, radio and television for many years. He has been Vice-President, Polish Radio and Television; Chairman, Supervisory Board, Polish Television; and Head of Strategic Planning and Development at Polish Television. He was Director, Strategy and Analysis Department, the KRRiT (National Broadcasting Council of Poland), the broadcasting regulatory authority (2004-2006). He has taught at the Institute of Journalism, University of Warsaw (1997-2002) and has been Visiting Professor at the Institute of Journalism, University of Dortmund, and at the Amsterdam School of Communications Research, University of Amsterdam. His scholarly and other publications have been published widely in Poland and internationally.


Ryszard Kalisz

MP, Head of Committee of Justice and Human Rights

During his studies at Warsaw University he was active in Socialist Union of Polish Students. In 1980 he graduated from University of Warsaw, earning master's degree in Law. Professional attorney since 1987. In the years 1993-1996 he was a member of State Tribunal of The Republic of Poland. In the years 1997 - 2000 he was a State Secretary in the President Chancellery of President Aleksander Kwaśniewski. In 2000 he was a member of National Security Council.

Since 2001 he has been MP for SLD (Democratic Left Alliance). In 2004, he was nominated Minister of Internal Affairs and Administration in Marek Belka's left wing cabinet.

Currently, he is heading the Committee of Justice and Human Rights of Polish Sejm.


Tadusz Kowalski

Director of Filmoteka Polska

He graduated from Warsaw School of Economics. Earned Ph.D. in Journalism Institute at the University of Warsaw, where he is currently a professor. His main field of academic research is economic aspect of mass media, Polish press system and International Relations. In 2004 and 2005 he was a president of TVP Supervisory Board. Currently he is a member of TVP Program Board. Since 2008, he has been a director of Filmoteka Narodowa.

He was the head of the committee established in order to prepare the new project of the media law, which then, after amendments, came through the Sejm and the Senat, however vetoed by the President.



Hans-Peter Lehofer

Judge at the Austrian Administrative Court

Hans-Peter Lehofer is an honorary Professor for Austrian and European Public Law at the Vienna University of Economics and Business, as well as lecturer in Telecommunications, Broadcasting and Media Law and in Media and Communications Policy. Since October 2003 Mr Lehofer has been a Judge at the Austrian Administrative Court (Verwaltungsgerichtshof). He is also an editor for public law of the Österreichische Juristenzeitung (Austrian legal biweekly) and Board Member of the Austrian Research Institute for the Law of Electronic Mass Media (REM).

During his career, he has acquired journalistic experience as freelance consultant for the Austrian public broadcaster ORF (1988-2000) and in writing for the Austrian Consumer Monthly Konsument (1987-1997). Between may 2001 and September 2003, Mr Lehofer was a Chairman of the Austrian Communications Authority (Kommunikationsbehörde Austria).

Author of numerous publications in telecommunications and broadcasting law as well as in consumer and contract law; inter alia co-author of commentaries on the Austrian Telecommunications Act 2003 (new edition currently in preparation) and the Austrian Consumer Protection Act, and of a Handbook of Telecommunications Law.

He is an author of blogs on electronic communications law www.contentandcarrier.eu (in English) and www.lehofer.at/blog (in German).



László Majtényi

Media lawyer, former Chairman of the National Radio and Television Commission (ORTT), Hungary

Dr. László Majtényi was born in Budapest, in 1950. He graduated at the Eötvös Loránd University of Sciences, Faculty of Political and Legal Studies. He took the Counsellors’ Bar Exam in 1978. Mr. Majtényi is candidate in political and legal studies and an associate professor.

After graduating, he was the editor of several periodicals on social sciences. Between 1975 and 1980 Mr. Majtényi worked as a legal counsellor and since 1980 he has been teaching at several universities. He acted as a counsellor of the Constitutional Court later a chief counsellor. Mr. Majtényi was the Data Protection & FOI Commissioner of the Republic of Hungary. Between 2003 and 2008, he was the president of the Eötvös Károly Public Politics Institute.

Mr. Majtényi is the author of several books and writings, which were published in Hungary and abroad.

The Parliament elected Mr. László Majtényi as the Chairman of the National Radio and Television Commission in 2007.   He stepped back from this position in November 2009.



Jan Malinowski

Head of the Media and Information Society Division at the Council of Europe

Jan Malinowski is a lawyer, qualified in Spain and in England. Following eight years of professional practice in Barcelona and London, involving civil, family, criminal, commercial and corporate matters, including litigation, Jan joined the Council of Europe where he worked for eleven years with the anti-torture watchdog, which supervises the treatment of persons deprived of their liberty in the organisation's member states.

For the last four years, Jan has headed the Media and Information Society Division, responsible for supporting Council of Europe wide inter-governmental standard-setting cooperation in respect of media and freedom of expression and information. Information society and Internet governance standard-setting work has resulted in the adoption by the Council of Europe's 47 member states of a number of ground breaking normative texts on human rights and Internet filters, ISPs, games providers, freedom of expression on the Internet and, most important, on the public service value of the Internet. 


Nick Perry

Professor at the Department of Film, Television and Media Studies
University of Auckland

Nick Perry first joined the department in 1999, in what was initially a shared appointment with the University of Auckland's Department of Sociology. He transferred to a full time post in FTVMS in 2001 and was head of department in 2003-4.

His books are Controlling Interests: Business, The State and Society in New Zealand (co-edited with John Deeks, AUP 1992),The Dominion of Signs: Television, Advertising and Other New Zealand Fictions (AUP, 1994); Hyperreality and Global Culture (Routledge,1998) Television in New Zealand: Programming the Nation (co-edited with Roger Horrocks, OUP, 2004). He has also published more than fifty journal articles or book chapters, including papers in the British Journal of Sociology, Sociological Review, Sociology, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Sociology, Landfall, Islands, History of the Human Sciences, Organization Studies, Organization, Journal of Management Studies. Member of various editorial boards and contributor to, and advisory editor for, 'the media' for the eleven volume, 3.5 million word Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology (2007).


Doris Pack

Member of the European Parliament

Doris Pack is a Chairwoman of Committee on Culture and Education and a member of Conference of Committee Chairs, as well as Delegation for relations with Albania, Bosna and Hercegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo.

She has been a member of European Parliament since July 1989.

Mrs Pack was a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and of the WEU Assembly in the years 1981-1983 and 1985-1989.

Her other positions include: Chair, Franco-German Foundation for Cultural Cooperation. President, European Children's Book Fair Association; President, Saar Adult Education Association. Vice-President of the European Movement on the Saar. Vice-chair, board of Otzenhausen European Academy. Vice-chair, German Association of the European Foundation for Cultural Cooperation in Europe. Member, ZDF Television Council.



Natasa Slavíková

Director General of the Media, Audiovisual and Copyright Department at the Ministry of Culture of the Slovak Republic

After graduation at FFUK /Philosophical Faculty of Comenius University/ in Bratislava, specialization of adult education , she has been working at different posts in the field of education and culture. Her professional career started already during her study when she was working as an editor of art activity in the University radio called Radiocentrum.


From 1993 to 2000 as an employee of the Office of the Council of SR for Radio and TV Broadcasting she was involved in the creation of new office and dual system of broadcasting. She established the Department of Analysis and Monitoring of radio and television programs and the Department of Conceptions and International Relationships. In 1994 she was appointed by the National Council of SR to become the member of the Council of SR for Radio and TV Broadcasting. She participated in alignment with EU legislation in the field of radio and television broadcasting and in 1998 she was a guarantee for preparation of new law on broadcasting and retransmission for program contents.


Since 2007 she has been the General Director for Media, Audiovisual and Copy right Department at the Ministry of Culture of SR, she is a member of Steering Committee of the European Council for Media and a representative of SR for audiovisual area in EU. In 2009 she was appointed by the Minister of Culture to be a member of the Council of Audiovisual Fund. During her functioning period she established the working group focused on processing the conception of media education in a context of lifelong learning and five acts, several amendments and conceptual papers were worked out aiming to improve the audiovisual environment in SR.


Iwona Śledzińska - Katarasińska

MP, Head of the Commission of Culture and Mass Media

She graduated from Łódź University, then became a journalist in Dziennik Łódzki and Głos Robotniczy. In the 1980', after quitting PZPR (United Polish Workers' Party) she was active in the opposition. During martial law, after December 13th 1981, she was interned. After Polish Round Table Negotiations she became the first editor of Łódź edition of Gazeta Wyborcza - the first legal independent daily paper.

She was a member of the Democratic Union and Freedom Union. Since 2001, she has been a member of Platforma Obywatelska (Civic Platform). Member of Parliament since 1991. Since 2007, she has been the treasurer of Civic Platform Parliamentary Caucus and head of the Commision of Culture and Mass Media.



Martin Stadelmaier

Head of the State Chancellery and Secretary of State


Martin Stadelmaier was born September 25th, 1958 in Bonn and grew up in Bilbao/Spain. He is married and has one child.

1977 A-levels (university eligibility exams), followed by university studies in Bonn, Cologne and Madrid. 1985 he graduated in Spanish and History at the University Cologne. From 1985 to 1986 Stadelmaier required Civil Service at the Paediatrics Clinic St. Augustin. After that he worked from 1987 to 1991 for the SPD Federal Board, among other duties, in the Organisation Department, with the Committee for the “Berlin Party Programme” as well as being the Secretary of the Historic Committee of the SPD Federal Board.

From 1991 to 1994 he was the expert Adviser to the Head of the State Chancellery, Rhineland-Palatinate. Then he became the Permanent Deputy (Head of Office) to the Representative of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate to the Federal Government of Germany and to Europe until 2003.

Since July 2003 he is the Secretary of State and Head of the State Chancellery. Since July 2004 he is a member of the ZDF-Fernsehrat (Executive Board).

Martin Stadelmaier is also a member of numerous organizations including the SPD, ver.di (trade union), initiative “Ja zum Nürburgring”, initiative “Römisches Mainz”, Nothilfeverein für ausländische Studierende (Society for financial support for foreign university students). His hobbies are Motorbikes, Mainz 05 Football Club and sport.


Mark Thompson

Editor at the Media program of Open Society Foundation, London/UK

Dr. Mark Thompson works for the Media Program of the Open Society Foundation. He was closely involved with the OSF project, "Television across Europe: policy, regulation and independence", which surveyed the situation of broadcasting in 22 countries. Nine of these countries - including Poland - were surveyed twice, in 2005 and 2008. The reports are all available at www.mediapolicy.org. He supervises media pegged activities of OSF worldwide, travelling to all countries of Europe, Far East, Middle East.



Verena Wiedemann

General Secretary, ARD German Radio and TV

As a Fullbright-Fellow, Ms Wiedemann graduated as a Master of Law at the University of California, Berkeley. Afterwards, she worked first as a lawyer in Washington D. C. and later received her PhD on the Future of Telecommunications Law at the Max Planck Institute
for Comparative and International Private Law in Hamburg, Germany.

After finishing a traineeship in publishing management, she joined the Gruner+Jahr publishing company in Hamburg. From 2003 to 2006 she headed the Brussels public policy office of ARD German Radio and TV and was appointed ARD’s first General Secretary in July 2006 for a five-year term, being based in Berlin.